Menu Close

Shauna Van Brunt sustained an admitted injury to the lumbar spine and left lower leg while working for VCA Antech Inc., a large network of veterinary hospitals and clinical laboratories.

Her PTP submitted multiple requests for authorization, each for a quantity of 450 Buprenorphine pills. The requests for authorization were submitted for utilization review, which certified progressively reduced quantities of the Buprenorphine between July 15, 2020 and October 22, 2020, eventually denying certification of Buprenorphine in UR determinations dated November 16, 2020 and November 24, 2020.

Independent Medical Review was requested for the UR decisions dated September 22, 2020 and October 22, 2020. The former certified 360 Buprenorphine pills, and the latter certified 325 pills. Both were upheld in IMR determinations dated November 16, 2020 and November 24, 2020. There was no appeal of the IMR determinations.

The parties appeared at an Expedited Hearing on December 18, 2020. The issues were whether it was appropriate for defendant, through UR, to wean the applicant off a medication on which she is dependent, and whether there was jurisdiction for the Appeals Board to address this dispute.

The WCJ found that the Appeals Board lacks jurisdiction to review the UR decisions and the IMR decisions. Applicant sought reconsideration or in the alternative removal of the Findings of Fact. The WCAB denied both in the panel decision of Shauna Van Brunt v. VCA Antech, Inc., 2021 Cal. Wrk. Comp. P.D. LEXIS 114.

The Appeals Board has jurisdiction to determine whether a UR decision is timely. (Dubon v. World Restoration, Inc. (2014) 79 Cal.Comp.Cases 1298, 1299 (Appeals Board en banc) (Dubon II).)

However, “where a UR decision is timely, IMR is the sole vehicle for reviewing the UR physician’s expert opinion regarding the medical necessity of a proposed treatment.” (Id. at pp. 1310-1311; see also Lab. Code, §§ 4062(b), 4610.5; King v. CompPartners, Inc. (2018) 5 Cal.5th 1039, 1048 [83 Cal.Comp.Cases 1523] [IMR “is the exclusive mechanism for review of a utilization review decision”].)

Additionally, applicant did not demonstrate in what way defendant’s actions constitute bad faith.

With respect to her arguments that more than one UR reviewer was not authorized by regulations, “the statute does not state that all utilization review pertaining to a single patient or extended course of treatment must be conducted by the same reviewer.”

With respect to applicant’s contention that she had been taking Buprenorphine for years and there was no change in circumstances when additional requests for this medication were made, the Appeals Board has previously found that recurring prescriptions are not the sort of ongoing care that cannot be unilaterally terminated. (See Mumm v. Workers’ Comp. Appeals Bd. (2020) 85 Cal.Comp.Cases 647 (writ den.)

Authorization of one prescription does not automatically mean that recurring prescriptions of that medication must be authorized indefinitely; the treating physician has an obligation to document the need for each recurring prescription, especially when the prescriptions are for heavily regulated opioid medications.