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A federal grand jury returned a superseding indictment against Robert Rowen and Teresa Su, charging them with conspiracy to defraud the United States. In addition, each defendant also was charged with a separate count of tax evasion.

Robert Rowen, M.D., has been practicing medicine for more than three decades. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa from Johns Hopkins University before attending medical school at the University of California, San Francisco. Terri Su, M.D., has practiced integrative medicine for nearly 40 years. She is a Phi Beta Kappa and summa cum laude graduate of UCLA with a degree in biochemistry. She graduated UC Irvine Medical School in the top quarter of her class. The husband and wife team operate the Rowen Su Clinic in Santa Rosa, serving patients in Sonoma County and the Bay Area.

The medical doctors allegedly conspired to evade payment of Rowen’s federal income tax liabilities by concealing Rowen’s ability to pay his 1992 through 1997 and 2003 through 2008 federal income tax liabilities. Specifically, Rowen and Su allegedly placed his assets out of the reach of the United States Government, placed assets in the names of other persons or entities, deposited Rowen’s revenue into nominee bank accounts, used cash to conduct personal and professional business, converted his revenue into gold and silver coins, and provided false information to the IRS.

The indictment provides a description of various methods the couple allegedly used to conceal Rowen’s income. For example, the indictment describes how the couple instructed patients to make their checks for medical services payable to gold dealers who, in turn, purchased gold and silver coins.

In addition, the indictment alleges Rowen formed a company named Lotus Management LLC to receive revenue from a different company. Rowen then deposited the funds into a bank account opened in the name of Lotus Management LLC, and used the proceeds to purchase gold and silver coins.

Further, the couple allegedly used cash to pay the rent for the medical practice as well as to pay the balance on credit cards used to cover various business and personal expenses.

In sum, the indictment alleges that between January 3, 2007, and April 11, 2014, Rowen, both individually and through nominees, converted over $3,900,000 of his revenue to gold and silver coins. Count one of the superseding indictment charges Rowen and Su with conspiracy to defraud the United States, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 371, and counts two and three of the superseding indictment charges the defendants each with one count of tax evasion, in violation of 26 U.S.C. § 7201.

The defendants face a maximum sentence of five years imprisonment, and a fine of $250,000, plus restitution. If convicted of tax evasion, the defendant faces a maximum sentence of three years in prison and a $250,000 fine.

The defendants currently are released on a $200,000 bond.