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United States Attorney Laura E. Duffy announced that Roberto J. Velasquez, a San Diego area clinical psychologist, was sentenced for perpetrating a multi-year fraud scheme where he falsified medical certifications to the federal government. Chief District Judge Barry Ted Moskowitz sentenced Velasquez to serve 21 months in federal prison, followed by two years of supervised release and ordered Velasquez to pay more than $1.5 million in restitution to the Social Security Administration.

According to court documents, Velasquez masterminded a scheme whereby he falsely certified that dozens of patients were disabled, when in fact they were not. To further the fraud, Velasquez made up patient histories, fabricated test results, suggested symptoms and complaints that did not exist, intentionally underestimated patient scores on standardized tests, and lied about the length of time he had been seeing the patients. In exchange for each false report, Velasquez charged his patients a $200 kickback.

In his plea agreement, Velasquez admitted that he falsified two different types of disability reports. First, Velasquez falsified Medical Certification for Disability Exception Forms (Forms N-648), which are used by the Department of Homeland Security during the naturalization process. Velasquez’s false certifications allowed certain immigrants to avoid taking the English language and Civics portions of the U.S. citizenship exam. Based on the fraudulent N-648 forms, the Department of Homeland Security granted disability exemptions to approximately 50 immigrants who were not actually disabled.

Velasquez also admitted that he submitted fraudulent medical reports to the Social Security Administration, falsely certifying that certain patients were eligible for disability benefits when he knew they were not. Beginning in 2006, and continuing up to the date of Velasquez’s arrest in April 2012, the Social Security Administration paid out at least $1.5 million in unwarranted disability benefits based on Velasquez’s false certifications. Velasquez also admitted that approximately 33% of his patient files contained fabrications, false statements, and false certifications of disability.

The fraud was uncovered through an undercover operation conducted jointly by the Department of Homeland Security, Immigration and Customs Enforcement/Homeland Security Investigations, and the Office of Inspector General, Social Security Administration. The investigation revealed Velasquez’s disregard for federal disability requirements. He coached his patients who were attempting to skirt the citizenship requirements, instructing them to use poor English during their interviews and not mention that they had a college education. Velasquez also lied about the length of time he had been treating his patients, in order to create a “track record” that would satisfy reviewers at the Social Security Administration, where he had previously worked as a consultant.